Back to photo list

"when we ware att prayrs the souldiers discharged their musquets three times.”

The picture above is taken automatically from, if there is something related to the picture please visit and contact
“[1669, March] 18.—Friday. I went to the funerall of Ellin Potter daughter to Thomas Potter and was interred at Winwick as we came into Winwick Church yard Captain Risleys soldiers ware in training and when we ware att prayrs in the church upon the funeralls occasion the souldiers discharged their musquets three times.”
[From “The Diary of Roger Lowe of Ashton in Makerfield”, Wigan Archives ref. D/DZ A58]

As a Deputy-Lieutenant of Lancashire, one of the responsibilities of Sir Roger Bradshaigh of Haigh was to raise and maintain a militia of 1800 foot soldiers to put down any attempted sedition or insurrection. Provision for the militia was to be made in cash or kind by the local citizenry, assessed in proportion to their wealth. A “Letter-Book” preserved at Manchester Central Library, ref. L1/48/6/1, includes copies of orders in this regard given and received by Sir Roger in the period 1660-76. A memorandum on page 311 records a payment to Captain Risley on 4 March 1669 of “eight days pay for two serjeants and two Drums in the said Captain Risleys Company for duty performed by them this p'sent yeare”. The following month Sir Roger ordered the imposition of fines on those who had failed to provide the requisite men “upon notice given of the severall Musters, or [who] have sent them very defective in their Armes or other furniture Contrary to what the law required and to the Evill Example of others”. One of the appended schedules -shown above, right- lists the “Defects in Capt. Risley's Company” as follows:

“Bould – William Robinson of Bould for want of compleat furniture - £0-2-6.
Goulborn – John Dunn for the same.
Lowton (Discharged) – Robert Titfell for refusing to contribute since the beginning - £0-10-0.
Haydoke – William Downall for want of Compleat furniture - £0-2-6.
Haydoke – Robert Cash defalt in not sending his men to winwicke - £0-2-6.
Warington – Samuell Booth of Warington for defect of Armes and other furniture - £0-5-0.
Burton Wood – Gilbert Croft want of asperants [?] - £0-5-0.
Burton Wood – Robert Arrowsmith of Burton Wood refusing to contribute - £0-5-0.
Burton Wood – John Moss & Ralph Burscow refusing to contribute - £0-5-0.
Middlton – James Kenyon want of compleate furniture - £0-2-6”.

A “Note on Roger Lowe's Diary” in the “Local Gleanings” column of The Manchester Courier on 4 August 1876 states: “There were two Risleys living at the time, either of whom might have been the captain: John Risley of Risley, Esquire, who was buried at Winwick 19 July 1682, and John Risley, his son and heir apparent, who was buried at Winwick as 'John, son of John Risley Esq' 30 March 1676. The latter was the father of Captain John Risley of Risley (1675-1702), the last of that family”.

Cumbersome and slow to load but devastating when used by a formed body of men at close range, the musket had been a key weapon during the civil wars. No doubt the sound of the weapons being discharged startled Roger Lowe and his fellow mourners, perhaps bringing back unhappy memories for some of them. In “The Muster Master”, written about 1630, Gervase Markham describes the infantryman's equipment at this period:

“Comb-cap, sword and belt, Bandelaires with Bullet-bagg, wherein is Moulde, worme, screwe, scourer, Bullets, a sufficient rest, with a string, and the rest so small that it maye goe, into the Barrell of the Musquet. [The muster master] shall see that the Musquett be of true Lengthe, and Bore; and to that end he shall have a gage, made according to the kings true height and Standard, and that with that gage he shall trye every Musquett Downe to the Bottom; he shall see that the Stocke be of sound wood, and true proportion, the nether end shodd with Iron; the Locke, Tricker, and pan, serviceable, and the scouring sticke, strong, and sufficient”.

The illustration above, left, is from Jacob van Gheyn's “Wapenhandelingen van Roers, Musquetten ende Spiesen”, 1608.

According to the Winwick register (Cheshire Archives ref. P158/1/2), “Margret d. Tho. Potter” was buried on 10 -not 18- March. She may in practice have been called “Ellin” to distinguish her from her mother, also named Margaret.

Aside from an isolated entry on 12 March 1674, the Diary after March 1669 consists mainly of a list of those of Lowe's acquaintance at Ashton who were buried at Winwick.
Date: 2018-04-13 08:51:12

Makerfield Roger Lowe Winwick

Visit :


No comment found!

Members of | Partnered with
Powered by | Promoted by

Visit Archipelago Country, A Tropical Paradise In The World : and